18 USC 1001 - The General Federal False Statements Statute

18 U.S.C. § 1001 is the general federal false statements statute.

There are a number of other specific false statements laws that make a false statement in another forum – say, in connection with a health care bill to the federal government – a crime under that statute.

18 U.S.C. § 1001 - Statements or Entries Generally

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, whoever, in any matter within the jurisdiction of the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the Government of the United States, knowingly and willfully—

(1) falsifies, conceals, or covers up by any trick, scheme, or device a material fact;

(2) makes any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation; or

(3) makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry;
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years or, if the offense involves international or domestic terrorism (as defined in section 2331), imprisoned not more than 8 years, or both. If the matter relates to an offense under chapter 109A, 109B, 110, or 117, or section 1591, then the term of imprisonment imposed under this section shall be not more than 8 years.

(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a party to a judicial proceeding, or that party’s counsel, for statements, representations, writings or documents submitted by such party or counsel to a judge or magistrate in that proceeding.

(c) With respect to any matter within the jurisdiction of the legislative branch, subsection (a) shall apply only to—

(1) administrative matters, including a claim for payment, a matter related to the procurement of property or services, personnel or employment practices, or support services, or a document required by law, rule, or regulation to be submitted to the Congress or any office or officer within the legislative branch; or

(2) any investigation or review, conducted pursuant to the authority of any committee, subcommittee, commission or office of the Congress, consistent with applicable rules of the House or Senate.

If you’ve been charged with a federal false statements charge, you can learn more about what that means and about what you can do on any of these pages:
How Immunity Works In Federal Criminal Cases What Happens In a Grand Jury? Do You Need A Lawyer For A Federal Grand Jury Subpoena? Do I have To Talk To A Federal Grand Jury? Targets, Subjects, And Witnesses In Federal Investigations Should You Talk To Federal Law Enforcement? Can I Get Out Of Jail While My Federal Criminal Appeal Is Pending? Overturning A Guilty Verdict In A Federal Criminal Appeal What Do You Have To Show For Ineffective Assistance? How Can You Challenge A Federal Criminal Conviction? How Long Does A Federal Criminal Appeal Take? What issues Do People Raise In A Federal Criminal Appeal? What Happens In A Federal Criminal Appeal Withdrawing A Guilty Plea In Federal Court How Does Cooperating With The Federal Government Work? Should You Plead Or Go To Trial On Criminal Charges In Federal Court? How Do The Federal Sentencing Guidelines Work In Fraud Cases? How Do Federal Conspiracy Charges Work? How Do The Federal Sentencing Guidelines Work? What Happens Before A Sentence Is Imposed In Federal Court? How Does Federal Sentencing Work? What Should You Do If You've Been Convicted Of A Federal Crime Advice For People Facing Federal Criminal Charges

Information about specific kinds of federal charges: